Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children are priorities at Cardinal Heenan. This includes
- protecting children from maltreatment;
- preventing impairment of children’s health or development;
- ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care;
- and taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes.
Types of Abuse
Categories of abuse are shown below:
This is a form of abuse which may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child.
Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.
This is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and adverse effects on the child’s emotional development.
Emotional abuse may involve conveying to a child that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person.
It may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate.
It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are beyond a child’s developmental capability as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interaction.
It may involve seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another.
It may involve serious bullying (including cyberbullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children.
Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, although it may occur alone.
This involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening.
The activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for example rape or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and touching outside of clothing.
They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet).
Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males. Women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.
This is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development.
Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse.
Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to undertake one or more of the following:
- provide adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment);
- protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger;
- ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers);
- ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment.
It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.
What we do to safeguard Pupils at Cardinal Heenan
- All pupils are assigned a tutor who takes an especial interest in the individual child
- Strong pastoral system to support pupils’ welfare
- Close liaison with parents and carers
- An established ethos of encouraging pupils to speak to staff about problems, either their own or their friends’
- Support workers to help pupils who have particular emotional needs
- Staff trained in Emotional Literacy
- Psychologist practitioner time purchased by the school to support the good mental health of pupils
- Programmes to support the emotional well-being of identified pupils e.g. managing emotions, building positive relationships, managing pressure
- Referrals made to outside agencies if support is needed beyond the expertise available in school. Access to professional support in: attendance; counselling; parental and family support; child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS)
Clear expectations and action to maintain a safe environment:
- Policies and practices covering:- safeguarding and child protection, including self-harm, radicalisation, e-safety, health and safety, anti-bullying, racism and discrimination and whistle-blowing
- Comprehensive behaviour policy and systematic and graduating sanctions and rewards systems
- Supervised pupil arrival and departure at the end of each day. Pupils are supervised by a team of staff as they alight from and board our fleet of special school bus services. The local area is monitored by senior staff at various times
- Close monitoring of pupil attendance with prompt calls to parents or carers if pupils are absent or late without prior notice
- Safer recruitment practice followed. Security checks are made on all staff employed and volunteers working in the school
- All staff receive regular safeguarding training.
- Close working relationship with the schools’ designated Safer Schools Police Officer
- Lessons in Personal, Social, Health, Citizenship and Economic Education (PSHCE) covering safeguarding issues e.g. anti-bullying, assertive behaviour, e-safety, healthy relationships, etc.
- A variety of safety messages delivered to pupils via assemblies and in the daily notices
- Posters displayed around school encourage pupils to report any bullying that they have seen or experienced by texting to the school Tell! Tell! Tell! number: 07860 030 489. The text is sent as an email to the school’s Bully Action Team who investigate promptly. The identity of the sender remains confidential.
Safety and Security:
- The school building and grounds form a gated, fenced, secure site. A security pass is needed to gain entry to the school building. All visitors are met in a secured reception area.
- Security cameras in grounds and the building
- Filtered internet access
- Risk assessments carried out for offsite activities and for pupils with particular health needs or specific difficulties
- Trained first aiders on call in the school
- Staff and visitors wear identification badges and lanyards